Barbara Kingsolver with Steve L. Hopp and Camille Kingsolver. Animal, Vegetable, Miracle: A Year in Food. HarperCollinsPublishers. 2007.
Barbara Kingsolver says in Animal, Vegetable, Miracle: A Year in Food, “Our culture is not acquainted with the idea of food as a spiritually loaded commodity. We’re just particular about which spiritual arguments we’ll accept as valid for declining certain food. Generally unacceptable reasons: environmental destruction, energy waste, the poisoning of workers. Acceptable: it’s prohibited by a holy text.” (p. 67). I say both our land and the food produced on that land must be treated as unequivocally holy!
As I began to read Animal, Vegetable, Miracle, I felt that the spirituality and holiness she describes is at odds with who does and doesn’t have accessibility to green places including farms. Certainly, the upper middle- or upper classes could pull off living off the land as an experiment.
I had another response to the book: I realized I shared some of Kingsolver’s ideological and practical concerns about American foodways. Louisiana Voices defines foodways as, “obtaining, preparing, serving food and stories and beliefs about food.” Perhaps considering some of these concerns could be a bridge to the spiritual and holy when it comes to land and produce.
Stepping back a bit, Kingsolver describes the purpose of her family’s foodways journey and book: “We wanted to live in a place that could feed us: where rain falls, crops grow, and drinking water bubbles right up out of the ground. (p. 3). She got away from a life in Tuscon where distributors ship in food from far-away places and water is running so low that in the near future it will not support the existing population. Here are the costs: fuel must be purchased to ship the food and when water is diverted to desert places like Arizona someone else has diminished access to water.
Kingsolver and her family moved from Arizona to the southern Appalachia to live off the fruits of their labor on a farm and limit their purchases to local farmers. The Kingsolver clan made it sound relatively simple: relocate and then experiment on the land for a year.
Let’s think it through. “A Year of Food” requires resources, which includes money for expenses, and comfortably owning or renting a working arable farm. Before actually arriving at a farm, the average working- to middle-class family would have to turn on the utilities in a new home–that would be the farm–which could be a challenge. One might ask: Can they afford the gas for the car to make the move? What about motels and food on the way? Can they pay the start-up for some of the utilities? Will they have to physically go and pay with cash or a money order to turn on utilities because of a poor credit rating that does not allow for easy transactions by phone, mail, or the internet? These are real questions and concerns for people living pay check to pay check. Forget actually getting to the point of owning a farm. Most people are not privileged. Kingsolver and her family already own a farm.
Class is a factor. So too is ethnicity. The farm families around her were probably predominantly white though she is not explicit concerning this point. There is a tension here for me. I grew up in Queens, New York in Rosedale, a working class neighborhood of people of African descent. Later as an adult, I lived in Lawndale, California in a working class Latino neighborhood. I’m not sure if many of the people in either ethic group would readily relate to Kingsolver’s agricultural experiment. Some who work the land to survive might see it as a working holiday. The ethnic disconnect and lack of diversity was problematic, typical of broader environmentalism, including the foodway movements.
With that said, Kingsolver gives the reader much to think about through her beautifully written prose. Many of her suggestions are achievable without going through the financial duress of relocating and purchasing a farm. Consider two ways or reconfiguring Kingsolver’s experiment for regular folks with finite resources.
- Farmers Markets: Kingsolver does rely on and support the local farmers market near her farm. You too can do the same since these markets are in many cities across the US. The other benefits are eating local organic foods, and diminishing the fuel used to transport produce. Right now I am in Tennessee and plan to visit the Memphis Farmer’s Market downtown.
- Indoor Plants and Gardens: The author had a flower garden that was part of the farm. This is not an option for many people live in apartments in cities or townhouses in the suburbs. In both types of housing, keep indoor plants, some that flower for the aesthetics. Consider growing herbs in a box on a window ledge. When I lived in Los Angeles I kept orchids, African violets, and a bonsai. Plants, particularly flowering plants, bring a bit of nature’s beauty indoors, which I find soothing spiritually. Tending, watering, re-potting, and fertilizing plants is a break from hectic modern life. Community gardens in cities are another option working side by side with others or carving out a plot of your own. There are benefits to the physical labor of turning over the soil and weeding the rows of plants. At the end of the season, you can enjoy the produce, the fruits of your labor.
So there is a bridge between Kingsolver’s experiment and incorporating nature into the daily lives of regular people.
Going a step further, I feel a connection with Kingsolver because of my own environmental concerns. I worry about the planet. I worry about the limits and our dependence on fossil fuels. I worry about how many Americans are disconnected from the land and don’t understand how plants actually get to the supermarket.
Kingsolver develops a parallel argument: when the oil runs dry, and we have to return small-scale agriculture to sustain ourselves, we will not have the skills to produce much needed food in rural settings.
Perhaps if we resolve to treat the land and our food as edible holy objects, we can save the planet for our children.
Photos by Dianne Glave Except the Book Cover
I agree with you wholeheartedly, Dianne! I would even go a step further to say that it is even hard for working class people to do much in the way of eating local food. It is more expensive. It is not readily available if you are not living in an urban center. For example, here in the Chattahoochee Valley, one must drive to a farm 30-45 minutes away to get local organic produce or you must be able to visit the farmer’s markets which are held on specific days of the week for a few hours. Transportation is essential as is a flexible enough working schedule to take advantage of these markets. Often the offerings are slim: tomatoes, cucumbers, corn, and squash. A good start, but not exactly an abundance of diversity of choices. Quantities at the markets are often limited as so many of the farms are going to co-ops. Co-ops are great if you have financial resources. They required up-front investments of cash. I joined one for the latter part of the summer…12 weeks of veggies for an advance fee of $360. This is affordable if divided into weekly payments, but many would find it hard to pay the lump sum.
All that said, I do think that it is imperative for the financially privileged to participate fully in the movement in order for it to grow. More customers equals more local organic farmers. Perhaps eventually access and cost will improve, allowing ALL persons to have healthy, affordable food.
I also agree that we should all learn more about our food. Last summer I grew my first vegetable garden. It was an amazing adventure. I had tomatoes, green beans, more tomatoes, okra, yellow squash, eggplant, peppers, zucchini, basil, did I say tomatoes? But, again, growing a garden takes cash. I had to prepare the soil, buy seed, seedlings, and supplies. I purchased a freezer to store my veggies for the winter. It was an amazing endeavor. I had a huge harvest: I ate much straight from the garden, shared with people in need, and had plenty to freeze. I still have okra and squash in the freezer and this year’s okra is blooming! I learned so much about my food but it cost money and took a lot of time. Perhaps the best “product” from the garden was my increased awareness about how many resources it requires to grow food.
My new experiment for this year is participating in a local beef co-op. I have purchased two shares of beef from a local source. This will be 40 lbs. of grass fed ground beef. Next year they hope to have other cuts as well. I’ll let you know how it turns out. The cost worked out to $4.00 per pound which is pretty good but, again, one must have somewhere to store the meat. I also let the word out that I was interested in deer meat. It is amazing how many folks are eager to share their deer meat with you. I’m learning to cook it. So far, I can make some pretty mean deer meatballs and spaghetti!
wow belinda! i remember reading about your garden on FB but i had no idea. you are doing great things growing and buying locally. i also appreciate all you insight on the costs for the average person to plant a garden and join a food co-op. i look forward to hearing more!
Clearly Kingsolver had the advantage of already owning a farm, albeit not a terribly easy-to-farm farm. Many of their crops were grown on a variety of different plateaus and levels that were not easily accessible. This had to be a a hardship, as was the obnoxious amount of zucchini they ate. Ack!
Their biggest advantage was their ability to make a living aside from farming. Having sold the book idea in advance, Kingsolver no doubt received a payment up front to help support the family during the writing of the book. Likewise, Steven Hopp retained a teaching position (?) at a nearby school which provided another income stream.
I’m not suggesting that anyone could do it, and clearly they did plan for a year or more before jumping in. They also spend many summers there doing preliminary work and becoming familiar with the locals, suppliers and the possibilities that existed.
My opinion? Doable, but definitely not easy. On the other hand, it has inspired me to begin a small amount of organic gardening in my own challenging yard. I’ve enjoyed this process as one of learning, nutrition and appreciating the work of an organic farmer. It makes my store-bought organic food taste that much better.
Nice review. Thanks for finding me at Central Florida Green Guide. You can also check out my own blogs at http://www.Organic-Journey-Online.com, http://www.NewKidontheGreenBlock.com, http://www.AllThingsDogBlog.com and http://www.5MinutesforFido.com. Hope you’ll leave a comment so I’ll know you found me. Enjoy the journey!
Yes, all true. Kingsolver entered the farm experiment with many pluses in her favor, all of which you describe.
I’m glad I found you too!